Throughout history, architects have looked to nature for inspiration for building forms and approaches to decoration. Aiming to study one particular aspect of ‘nature as sourcebook’ that is distinct from the majority of architectural references to the natural world. The intention is to study ways of translating adaptations in biology into solutions in architecture. Biomimetic architecture is a contemporary philosophy of architecture that seeks solutions for sustainability in nature, not by replicating the natural forms, but by understanding the rules governing those forms. It is a multi-disciplinary approach to sustainable design that follows a set of principles rather than stylistic codes. It is part of a larger movement known as biomimicry, which is the examination of nature, its models, systems, and processes for the purpose of gaining inspiration in order to solve man-made problems.
Passive design responds to local climate and site conditions in order to maximise the comfort and health of building users while minimising energy use. The key to designing a passive building is to take best advantage of the local climate. The study reviews two things. The various possible methods of passive cooling and heating strategies for a building that preserves rare marine species. Energy simulation softwares- namely the IES- VE - was used to asses the performance of the building.